हेपेटाइटिस (Hepatitis)

Hepatitis is a liver disease caused by a viral infection. In this disease, there is inflammation in the liver. There are 5 types of viruses in hepatitis, namely- A, B, C, D, and E.

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What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is basically a liver disease, which is caused due to viral infection. In this disease, there is inflammation in the liver. There are 5 types of viruses in hepatitis, namely- A, B, C, D, and E. These five viruses should be taken seriously because due to them hepatitis is becoming like an epidemic and every year the number of deaths due to it is also increasing. Hepatitis types B and C are causing chronic disease in millions of people as they lead to liver cirrhosis and cancer. By creating awareness about hepatitis and vaccinating the child after birth, he can be protected from hepatitis.



How many types of hepatitis are there?

Hepatitis is caused by a viral infection which is divided into 5 types according to the virus. These 5 types have become a cause of concern for people all over the world.

Hepatitis A – According to WA, 1.4 million people are suffering from this disease every year. It is caused by consuming contaminated food and contaminated water.

Hepatitis B – It is transmitted through transfusion of infected blood and exposure to semen and other fluids.

Hepatitis C- This is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). This is done through the use of blood and infected injections.

Hepatitis D-It is caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). Only people who are already infected with the HBV virus are infected with this virus. The situation is made worse by having both HDV and HBV together.

Hepatitis E – It is caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). This is the cause of hepatitis infection in most countries of the world. This is more due to toxic water and food.

Apart from this, hepatitis is also recognized on the basis of severity-

Acute hepatitis- sudden inflammation of the liver, whose symptoms last for six months and the patient starts recovering gradually. Acute hepatitis is usually caused by HAV infection.

Chronic hepatitis-Chronic HCV infection affects 13-150 million people worldwide. More and more people die due to liver cancer and liver disease. The immune system of a chronic patient with HIV infection is also badly affected.

What are the causes of hepatitis?

Hepatitis disease is caused by inflammation of the liver. This viral infection can also be life-threatening, meaning hepatitis is a life-threatening infection. There can be many reasons for this:

Viral infection: In particular, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C are caused by viral infections.

Autoimmune conditions: Often, the body’s immune cells detect that liver cells are being damaged.

Drinking alcohol: Alcohol is metabolized directly by our liver, due to which it starts circulating in other parts of the body as well. Therefore, when someone consumes a lot of alcohol or alcohol, the risk of hepatitis increases for that person.

Side-effects of medicines: This is also a cause of hepatitis. Excessive use of certain medicines can lead to inflammation of liver cells and increase the risk of hepatitis.

What are the symptoms of hepatitis?

At the beginning of acute hepatitis, there are no obvious symptoms. However, in infectious and chronic hepatitis these problems are more clearly visible as symptoms:

  • jaundice or jaundice
  • change in urine color
  • too much fatigue
  • vomiting or nausea
  • abdominal pain and bloating
  • Itching
  • loss of appetite
  • sudden weight loss

What is the diagnosis of hepatitis?

Doctors diagnose hepatitis based on the symptoms and severity of the condition. Physical examination is asked to see if there is swelling in the liver, yellowing of the skin, fluid in the stomach, etc. For this, it is advised to do these tests-

  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • liver function test
  • autoimmune blood marker test
  • liver biopsy

What is the treatment of hepatitis?

Acute hepatitis starts to subside in a few weeks and the patient starts getting relief. Whereas, chronic hepatitis requires medication. Liver transplantation is also an option in case of liver failure.

What should be the diet in hepatitis?

With the help of a healthy diet, it becomes easier to manage the problem of hepatitis. However, the diet is prescribed based on the severity of the condition and the inflammation of the liver. Along with this, taking care of these things related to diet also helps. ,

  • Include cauliflower, broccoli, beans, apple, avocado in your diet.
  • Add traditional spices like onions and garlic to your meals.
  • Drink plenty of water, drink fresh fruit juices.
  • Reduce alcohol consumption, reduce wheat consumption.
  • Avoid consumption of junk food, foods made from flour, processed food and sweet things.
  • Chew the food and eat it. With this, the food will be easier to digest.
  • Instead of having heavy meals at one go, eat 4-6 small meals in small quantities.

What are the protections against hepatitis?

Hepatitis B and C can be prevented by taking measures to prevent the spread of virus infection. Apart from this, vaccines can be given to protect children from hepatitis. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention [Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)], adults up to the age of 18 years and older should be given 3 doses over 6-12 months. In this way, they will get complete protection from hepatitis. Also, keep these things in mind-

  • Do not share your razor, toothbrush and needle with anyone, this can reduce the risk of infection to some extent.
  •  Be sure to use safe equipment when getting a tattoo.
  •  When piercing the ear, keep in mind that the equipment is safe and infection-free.
  • safe sex

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