There are many different types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and it can be hard to pinpoint the symptoms in yourself or others around you. In order to get help and learn more about ADHD, it’s important to know what the symptoms look like, how they develop over time, and what treatment options are available. Read on to discover more about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – what you need to know!
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder characterized by high levels of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Symptoms often emerge during childhood and can affect social, academic, and occupational functioning throughout life. Although ADHD is typically viewed as a childhood disorder, it can continue into adulthood. For some people, symptoms subside as they age; however, most continue to experience significant challenges related to their ADHD symptoms into adulthood.
Symptoms of ADHD
Children with ADHD may seem restless and unable to stay in their seats, they might fidget and squirm or have difficulty waiting in line or taking turns. They may talk excessively, call out answers in class before they are called on, and have trouble playing quietly.
They also may have trouble completing tasks at home or school and exhibit problem behaviors such as temper tantrums or oppositional behavior (eg refusing to do chores). These symptoms typically appear early in life although some individuals aren’t diagnosed until they are an adult.
Doctors aren’t sure what causes ADHD, but research suggests that genetics and prenatal exposure to certain toxins may be at play. ADHD is also more prevalent in boys than girls (the ratio of boys with ADHD is anywhere from 1:4-1:10). Studies have shown that children who are born prematurely are more likely to develop ADHD later in life, though it’s unclear why.
How ADHD is Diagnosed
First and foremost, it is important to understand that there are two types of ADHD: inattentive type and hyperactive-impulsive type. This can make diagnosis confusing.
The symptoms for each are similar but may show up differently in different people. Typically, ADHD goes undiagnosed because your child does not fit neatly into a one size fits all label.
Treatments for ADHD
The three main treatments for ADHD are medication, behavioral therapy, and lifestyle changes. In recent years, researchers have uncovered some natural remedies that may improve ADHD symptoms as well.
However, these options are still considered alternative treatments and should not be used in place of conventional treatments for ADHD. Always consult with your doctor before trying any new therapies for your ADHD symptoms.
If you have ADHD and your school has accommodated you, let them know. When teachers see that you’re not just faking it to get out of work, they’ll learn what works best for you, which in turn will make your life a lot easier. The more they understand your condition, the more they can help make things run smoothly in class.
Resources for Parents
A Parent’s Guide to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), How to Talk So Kids Will Listen & Listen So Kids Will Talk, Raising Your Spirited Child and ADHD in Teens: Parenting Your Adolescent with ADHD or LD.